As part of Disaster Management Support Programme of Department of Space, the Decision Support Center (DSC) has been established at NRSC for working towards effective management of disasters in India. Under DSC activities of NRSC, considering the importance of forest fire management in India, a comprehensive system “Indian Forest Fire Response and Assessment System” (INFFRAS) is operational since 2005. INFFRAS is designed to meet the requirements of the forest department at following three levels.
- Pre fire : Preparatory planning for fire control;
- During fire : Near real time active fire detection and monitoring
- Post fire: Damage and recovery assessment and mitigation planning
Daytime forest fire alerts from NRSC are based on MODIS. Night time alerts are based on DMSP-OLS data received from the US National Geophysical Data Center under ISRO-NASA-NOAA collaborative effort. IRS data is used to provide information on fire burnt area, damage and recovery assessment.
Forest fire alerts are sent daily to nodal officers of state forest departments in the fire season (Feb-June) by email and through the NRSC website. Many recent forest fire alerts have been given. Rapid Burnt Area Assessment of forest fires were also made, - like the assessment of Dzukou Valley, Nagaland during first week of January 2010, Jaipur oil well fire accident, October 2009 etc.